Now that summer is finally in full swing, I’d like to remind everyone to use broad spectrum sunscreen while enjoying the sun! This is especially important for people living with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Ultraviolet (UV) light is a known trigger of SLE flares BOTH involving the skin and major organs. Many people also report joint pain, weakness, and headaches. These flares can be very serious.
Although we know UV light is a trigger for SLE flares, we still don’t fully know how it happens. This is what we do know.
- UV light directly damages the DNA of skin cells.
- The cells release inflammatory cytokines, most notably interleukin-1α and tumor necrosis factor-α.
- UV light also increases interferon-α signaling. People with high levels of interferon-α signaling often develop fevers, fatigue, and low white cell count (leukopenia). Interferon-α signaling is thought to be an important part in the development of SLE.
Take home points
So while you’re enjoying the sun remember to:
- Avoid the sun when UV light is strongest, between 10 AM and 3 PM. If you use IFTTT, check out this app. You will get a notification on your phone when the UV index is high… and it’s free!
- Use broad spectrum UVA/UVB sunscreen. Try to aim for a SPF higher than 30.
- Try wearing clothing that have vivid colors and a tight weave. The Skin Cancer Foundation has a great article regarding this topic: “What is Sun-Safe Clothing?”
- Wear a broad-brimmed hat when spending time in the sun.
Be safe and please leave your comments below!
This information is offered to educate the general public. The information posted on this website does not replace professional medical advice, but for general information purposes only. There is no Doctor – Patient relationship established. We strongly advised you to speak with your medical professional if you have questions concerning your symptoms, diagnosis and treatment.